Based on ISSA (International Sanitary Supply Association) cleaning rates.
|CARPAX STUDY1||BOMA STUDY2|
|Total Minute Per 1000 Sq. Ft.||Cost/Sq. Ft. Per Year3||Total Minutes Per 1000 Sq. Ft.||Cost/Sq. Ft. Per Year3|
|Carpet||3,500||$ 0.513||2,800||$ 0.394|
|Vinyl||4,604||$ 0.680||7,100||$ 1.001|
1 - CARPAX study based on cleaning rates and frequencies.
2 - BOMA (Building Office Managers Association) data based on 1990 study of cleaning floor surfaces.
3 - Based on $8.50 pr hour labor.
The Carpet and Rug Institute advocates the use of ISSA data based on time management data and estimated frequencies. However, the BOMA study, based on actual maintenance costs, suggests that actual cost for maintaining VCT may exceed ISSA estimates.
Below is a comparison of the CARPAX projection for schools, the Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) experience in office building cleaning operations in North America (1990), and a recent (1995) study of commercial floorcovering cleaning charges by Cleaning Management Magazine (December 1995 Vol. 32, Number 12, ppg 1-8).
|CARPAX STUDY||BOMA SURVEY||1995 CLEANING MANAGEMENT STUDY|
|Total Minutes per 1000 sq. ft.||Costs/sq. ft. per year*||Total Minutes per 1000 sq. ft.||Costs/sq. ft. per year*||Costs/sq. ft. per year**|
|Carpet||3,540||$ 0.513||2,800||$ 0.394||$ 0.512|
|VCT||4,604||$ 0.680||7,104||$ 1.001||$ 1.416|
* Based on a labor rate of $ 8.50 per hour
** Based on four (4) facility-wide carpet cleanings per year
The Carpet Buyers Handbook has elected to use in this report the CARPAX cleaning frequency and cleaning production rates based on ISSA cleaning rates and frequencies. The ISSA provides accurate, unbiased information to the cleaning industry as a whole. However, the BOMA survey data and the Cleaning Management Study suggest that actual costs for maintaining VCT floors may exceed the estimates presented in the CARPAX study.
In summary, all floor covering types emit volatile organic compounds. If VOC emissions and resulting health implications are a concern, select products that have been tested and identified as being low emitters. Consider also the impact of chemicals required for maintenance of these floor covering products. Initiate a maintenance program that is designed to provide a healthy atmosphere for its occupants and displays pride in the facility.
1. Melhave, 1990; Hudnel et al., 1990, 1992, 1993; Otto et al., 1990, 1992, 1993
2. "Effects of New Carpet Emissions on Indoor Air Quality and Human Health", (date),Dr.Allan Hedge, Ph.D, Cornell University
3. Colligan and Murphy, 1982; Olkinuora, 1984; Boxer, 1985, 1990
About the Author
Michael Hilton was the original creator of Carpet Buyers Handbook. Having owned and operated a carpet wholesale company, Hilton has a vast knowledge about all-things carpet related as well as other types of flooring.