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Carpet Glossary J

jacquard

An apparatus on carpet weaving loom that produces patterns from colored yarns. The pattern information is contained on perforated cards. The holes in the cards activate the mechanism that selects the color to be raised to the pile surface. Wilton looms have jacquard pattern devices.

jaspe

Irregular stripes of two hues, shades, or values of the same color used to produce a particular effect on the pile yarn of plain or evenly designed fabrics. Various jaspe effects can be produced by varying the twist of the yarn.

jerker bar

Part of the tufting machine comprising a movable guide or eyeboard through which the pile yarns are threaded. It controls tension on the pile yarns on their path to the tufting needles, removing slack on the upstroke of the needle bar and contributing to yarn feed control.

jute

A natural cellulosic fiber made form certain plants of the linden family which grow in warm climates such as found in India and Bangladesh. Jute yarns are used for woven carpet construction (backing) yarns and twine. Woven jute fabrics are used in tufted carpet as primary and secondary carpet backing. The latter are similar to burlap fabrics commonly used for carpet wrap and sewn burlap bags.

jute backing

A natural fiber derived from a plant in the Far East that is spun into yarn. It is used as the backing yarn for many woven carpets and woven into a backing fabric for tufted carpets. its use in tufted carpeting has rapidly diminished in recent years.

Did you know?

There is a clear-cut procedure for filling a carpet claim. Each participant has responsibilities to ensure that the carpet claim process is handled to everyone's satisfaction. The filing a carpet claim section of the Carpet Buyers Handbook examines the relationship between the carpet retailer, discount carpet wholesaler, carpet distributor, carpet installer, carpet manufacturer, and the consumer. It includes carpet manufacturing defects, visible carpet defects, carpet color, carpet dye lot, second quality carpet , carpet irregulars, mill end, carpet remnants, carpet warranties, carpet mill inspection, concealed damage, carrier claim, CRI 104, CRI 105, improper carpet care, water damage, backing material, carpet padding failure, cushion failure, topical treatments independents, independent inspector. Always preserve about 1 square foot piece of the original uninstalled carpet. Some manufacturing defect analysis only can be performed on unused (untrafficked) carpet. Also, should the carpet fail (which is rare), it is helpful to evaluate a new piece versus a sample that has been trafficked.

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